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What Is Insurance Underwriting

What Is Insurance Underwriting - An insurance company evaluates risk when underwriting insurance policies. This helps the company decide if providing coverage to a person or business would be profitable.

What Is Insurance Underwriting

Also Read: What Is Insurance

There isn't much information about insurance underwriting out there. It's a process that is still somewhat shrouded in mystery. But this article will help to clear some things up. 

What Is Insurance Underwriting

Underwriting is the process of evaluating a potential insurance risk and determining whether or not to offer a policy to that individual or company. It's an essential part of the insurance industry, and it's important to understand how it works.

Definition and Example of Insurance Underwriting

Insurance underwriting is a process that helps insurance companies decide how likely it is that they will have to pay a claim and how profitable a policy will be. 

They use this information to assess the risk of offering a policy to someone. Factors that are considered include the likelihood of something bad happening, the value of the property being insured, and the premium that the customer is willing to pay.

Risk is considered when setting the insurance premium for a policy. The insurance company weighs the risk of providing coverage against the possible payout if something goes wrong. The higher the risk, the more expensive it is to insure.

Note: No company will take on the risk of issuing a policy if the odds of a costly payout are too high.

When it comes to deciding whether or not to insure a company, underwriters must consider many things. They use data, statistics, and actuarial guidelines to predict the likelihood of a risk. This helps insurance companies set premiums that reflect the level of risk.

For example, if someone is inquiring about car insurance, an insurance underwriter may look at their driving record to decide whether to offer them a policy.

Some people with a poor driving record might be considered high-risk customers by insurance companies. The company might decide to insure them, but they would likely have to pay a higher premium to do so.

What is underwriting?

When you apply for insurance, the insurance company will assess your risk and decide how much to charge you for coverage. This process is called underwriting.

How Insurance Underwriting Works

Risk assessment is a complex process that Underwriters are specially trained for. They understand risk and how to prevent it, making them the best professionals for the job. They use their skill and knowledge to decide if something or someone is worth insuring, and at what cost.

The underwriter assesses all the information your agent provides. They then decide whether the company is willing to bet on you. This job also includes:

  • Reviewing information to find the risk
  • Determining policy coverage and what perils an insurance company agrees to insure can be difficult. There are many factors to consider when making this decision, including the company's liability and the safety of its customers.
  • Possibly changing what is covered by insurance policies and what is not.
  • The insurance company is exploring various solutions that could help reduce the risk of future claims.
  • If you're experiencing issues with your insurance, you may want to talk to your agent or broker to see if there are ways to make sure you're still covered.

Assessing the Situation

Occasionally, an insurance company may need to request additional support from an underwriter. This might happen if someone has made many claims recently, if new policies are being written, or if there are payment difficulties.

For example, if someone named Mary has made three glass claims on her car insurance policy in five years, but has a perfect driving record otherwise, her insurance company may want to continue to insure her--but it will also want to make the risk profitable again. In this case, the insurance company may have paid out $1,500 in glass claims in the past five years, but Mary only pays $300 per year for glass coverage with a deductible of $100. So, while the company would like to keep Mary as a customer,

Upon Mary’s renewal, the underwriter reviews her file and decides to offer new conditions. The company agrees to offer her full coverage, but it will increase her deductible to $500.

The underwriter is also willing to renew Mary's policy, but with limited glass coverage. This way, the risk is minimized while still providing Mary with the other coverage she needs, such as liability and collision insurance.

Evaluating Changes When They Arise

Insurance underwriters periodically review policies and risk information, even when everything seems normal. This doesn't mean that they'll never work with you again; they may become involved if there's a change in insurance conditions or risk.

Note: The state laws prohibit insurance companies from basing their decisions on race, income, education, marital status, or ethnicity. Some states also prevent insurers from declining to provide a policy based solely on credit scores or reports.

Working With Brokers or Agents

There are two parts to the insurance process: selling the policy and underwriting it. An agent or broker sells policies to customers and then gets them approved by an underwriter. 

Underwriters make sure that the company is willing to sell the coverage and that the customer presents a good risk. Your agent or broker has to present a convincing case to get it approved.

Agents are usually limited to making decisions based on what is outlined in the underwriting manual. However, sometimes they may choose not to insure you if they have specific knowledge of their company’s underwriting decisions. Agents can’t offer you special arrangements for insurance without the approval of the underwriter.

The underwriter protects the company by enforcing the rules and assessing risks based on this understanding. They can decide, above and beyond the basic guidelines, how the company will respond to the risk opportunity. They can also make exceptions or alter conditions in order to make a situation less risky.

How long does underwriting take?

There is no definite answer when it comes to how long it will take to get your life insurance policy approved. It largely depends on the type of policy you’re getting, as well as other individual factors.

Is underwriting always needed?

Not always. Guaranteed issue policies are sometimes called “guaranteed issue” policies. They can be a great choice if you’re in bad health. But if you’re in good health, you could be better off with a policy that calls for underwriting. A small investment of your time (and maybe a little of your blood) could result in a big saving.

Key: What Is Insurance Underwriting

  • The process of insurance underwriting is how an insurer determines how risky it is to issue coverage to a certain person or business. The insurer will examine the individual or company's risk factors and then make a decision on whether or not to offer them coverage.
  • The process of deciding whether or not to issue a policy looks at how likely the potential insured would make a costly claim and whether the insurer would lose money by issuing the policy.
  • If the circumstances that led to you buying your insurance policy change, your insurer will send in an underwriter to review your coverage.
  • Underwriters work with agents or brokers to create a policy that suits your needs without being too risky for the company.


Insurance underwriting is the process of assessing and managing risks for an insurance company. This process involves evaluating an applicant's health, lifestyle, and other factors to determine if the company should offer a policy and how much premiums should be. 

underwriters use their knowledge of risk to create a product that is both affordable and provides protection for the company's customers.